Health Promotion in Minority Populations. BY2/16
February 14, 2020
Ops Management Unit 4 Db
February 14, 2020

2 coments each one 150 words (CITATION AND REFERENCE). by 2/15

Topic 4 DQ 2

Nutrition is an essential component of health promotion, because
without proper nutrition the risk for non-communicable illness
increases. Four of the leading causes of death in the United States are
linked to poor nutrition. However, this problem is directly linked to
over consumption of foods high in fat and calories. This is coupled with
an inadequate intake of fruits and vegetables (Falkner, 2018).  

Some of the nutritional challenges present in emerging populations
are related directly to their genetic predisposition. However, many of
the challenges are due to food preferences. For instance, some cultures
prohibit certain food items. Additional consideration must be made for
ceremonial or religious food, as well as food preparation methods. The
problem is exacerbated by the quantity of high fat, high sugar,
processed foods that are readily available at low cost. Healthier food
choices often cost more. This creates even more of a problem for a
lower-income family (Falkner, 2018).

Both nutritional deficits and nutritional excesses have a role in
disease processes. For instance, certain disease processes, such as
hypertension and type 2 diabetes occur more frequently in obese
populations. In fact, dietary modifications greatly reduce the risk of
poor outcomes related to obesity (Falkner, 2018). In addition,
nutritional deficits can also lead to illness. A recent study concluded
that 58% of women with polycystic ovary disease were also vitamin D
deficient (Hanif,Qamar,Aslam,Omar, Mustafa,& Masood, 2019). Another
case study showed that a B12 deficiency can cause neuropathy and
hyperpigmentation of the lower extremities (Turnquist & Holt, 2020).
A balanced diet with the proper intake of vitamins and minerals is
essential for health in all three stages of health promotion. When
implemented in primary health promotion, proper nutrition may
significantly reduce the risks of illness or disease. 

Falkner, A., (2018). Cultural Awareness. In Grand Canyon University (Eds.), Health promotion: health and wellness across the continuum. Retrieved from https://lc.gcumedia.com/nrs429vn/health-promotion-health-and-wellness-across-the-continuum/v1.1/#/chapter/3

Hanif, Q., Qamar, S., Aslam, P., Omar, H., Mustafa, N., & Masood,
S. (2019). Association of vitamin D deficiency with polycystic ovarian
syndrome. Pakistan Armed Forces Medical Journal, 69(2),
241–244. Retrieved
from https://eds-b-ebscohost-com.lopes.idm.oclc.org/eds/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?vid=4&sid=63e3b836-df2d-4857-a070-d16c4fd4bfaa%40pdc-v-sessmgr05

Turnquist, M. & Holt, C., (2020) Fresh fruits and vegetables
really do keep the doctor away: symptomatic vitamin deficiency in a
middle aged man, Journal of maine medical center 2(1), 1-3. Retrieved from https://knowledgeconnection.mainehealth.org/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1018&context=jmmc

Topic 4 DQ 2

In order to provide holistic care to patients, health promotion
becomes a necessity whereby patients are empowered with tools to
practice and live healthy lives. Having said this, nutrition therefore
becomes the first step to assisting patients live healthier lives. Due
to the abundance of highly-processed, convenient and in-expensive
sources of comfort food, the US along with other countries globally
suffer a growing crisis of obesity and other co-morbidities such as
hypertension, diabetes, heart diseases among others secondary to
unhealthy feeding (Falkner, 2018). According to statistics, nearly 1 in 3
adults is considered obese and approximately 81.6% of adults fail to
get the recommended amount of daily activity. Furthermore, the American
society is noted to have moved from being a country of nutritional
deficit-related diseases to one of noncommunicable diseases related to
nutritional excess and overconsumption (ODPHP, n.d.). It is because of
this shift that healthcare professionals and other government programs
such as Healthy People 2020 have embarked on working closely with
different community populations to promote and restore health through
advocacy of healthy eating patterns.

Despite nutrition being considered rudimentary to all people
regardless of culture; different cultures have varying customs,
traditions, religions and routines that impact daily nutritional
preferences. Given the cultural diversity and emerging population growth
in the US, there are different challenges that may be a barrier to
healthy nutrition. Firstly, being new in the US, these populations may
have difficulties accessing their preferred food choices they are used
to, and thus may resort to fast foods. Moreover, as they strive to
settle in, most may be financially strained to afford healthy meals and
thus would prefer highly-processed cheaper food which equally poses
health concerns. Secondly, some of the emerging minority populations
like LGTBQ face adversities and discrimination and they are mostly
biased from accessing medical information including nutritional
knowledge and so they end up marginalized (Landry, 2017). Thirdly,
limited resources, unemployment and poverty has led to homeless
populations whereby they not only exposed to violence and high stress
levels but also lack of clean water and proper nutrition. Last but not
least certain habits of different cultures like the Mexican-American
involves frequent family meal sharing where their food is prepared with
lard and served in large portions with less vegetables, something that
is inconsistent with health nutrition (Falkner, 2018).

Some diseases such as obesity, hypertension, stroke, diabetes and
cancer have a direct correlation to poor dietary intake that has
consistency in nutritional excesses of salt, fat, calories and
cholesterol (Patience, 2016). On the contrary, nutritional deficiency
has also caused malnutrition a condition that predisposes patients to
various communicable diseases such as respiratory problems for lack of
adequate immunity. While most of the causative factors to nutritional
excesses may be lifestyle-related and modifiable, other factors of
nutritional deficiencies may be due to lack of access to resources and
thus requiring an interdisciplinary team effort and collaboration with
relevant stakeholders to eliminate barriers to balanced nutrition.
Careful consideration of nutritional aspects therefore becomes paramount
when doing health promotion as ignorance of it can lead to different
diseases that can be avoided. Conclusively, nutritional health
ultimately becomes relevant to health promotion and preservation, and if
well mastered leads to family wellness and prevention of diseases.

References.

 Falkner, A. (2018). In GCU’s Health Promotion: Health and Wellness Across the Continuum. Retrieved from

https://www.gcumedia.com/digital-resources/grand-canyon-university/2018/health-promotion_health-and-wellness-across-the-continuum_1e.php

 Landry, J. (2017). Delivering culturally sensitive care to LGBTQI patients. The Journal for Nurse Practitioners, 13(5), 342-347. doi: 10.1016/j.nurpra.2016.12.015

Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. (n.d.). Nutrition, physical activity, and obesity. Retrieved from https://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/leading-health-indicators/2020-lhi-topics/Nutrition-Physical-Activity-and-Obesity/data

Patience, S. (2016). Advising patients on nutrition and healthy eating. British Journal of Nursing, 25(21), 1182.

 

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