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Discourse on the Method

Assignment 1: Essay
Due Week 4 and worth 100 points
Choose one (1) of the three reading selections from the list of topic choices below. Read the selection in the textbook. Write a three to four (3-4) paragraph essay (600 words) which analyzes the “surprise ending” of the reading selection.
Topic Choices:
• Reading selection from Descartes’ Discourse on the Method (Part IV). Descartes begins with the problem of being able to prove his own existence but ends up with an argument proving the existence of God. Read more about the Discourse on the Method located at http://www.earlymoderntexts.com/pdf/descdisc.pdf.
• Reading selection from Swift’s A Modest Proposal. Swift begins with offering the solution that the English could do things which might solve the problem of over-population and the mistreatment of citizens in Ireland and ends by offering the solution that an internal change in the Irish government would best solve the problem of over-population and a populace victimized by its own government. Read more about A Modest Proposal located at http://www.victorianweb.org/previctorian/swift/modest.html.
• Two reading selections from Voltaire’s Candide. The story begins by acknowledging the foolishness of the superstitious traditions held by the people in the city of Lisbon but ends by confirming Voltaire’s belief that religion in general is equally based in false superstitions.
For the reading selection you choose:
1. Clearly state in your own words the “surprise ending” in the reading you selected. Identify the point in the reading when you realized that the ending would be different from what the beginning of the reading suggested that it would be.
2. Since you were expecting a different ending, evaluate how successful the author was in convincing you to accept the validity of the “surprise ending” that was not clearly suggested at the beginning.
Your assignment must:
• Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA Style format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
• Include a cover page containing the tile of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.
The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:
• Explain how key social, cultural, and artistic contributions contribute to historical changes.
• Explain the importance of situating a society’s cultural and artistic expressions within a historical context.
• Examine the influences of intellectual, religious, political, and socio-economic forces on social, cultural, and artistic expressions.
• Identify major historical developments in world cultures from the Renaissance to the contemporary period.
• Use technology and information resources to research issues in the study of world cultures.
• Write clearly and concisely about world cultures using proper writing mechanics.
Grading for this assignment will be based on answer quality, logic/organization of the paper, and language and writing skills, using the following rubric.
Assignment 1: Essay
Criteria 15-17
Unacceptable 18-19
Developing 20-22
Competent 23-25
Exemplary
1. Clearly state the surprise ending to be explained and identify the point when realization occurred that the ending would be different. Did not complete the assignment or did not state the surprise ending to be explained and identify the point when realization occurred that the ending would be different; omitted information and/or included irrelevant information. Completed with less than 60% accuracy and thoroughness. Partially stated the surprise ending to be explained and identified the point when realization occurred that the ending would be different; omitted some key information. Completed with 60-79% accuracy and thoroughness. Sufficiently stated the surprise ending to be explained and identified the point when realization occurred that the ending would be different. Completed with 80-89% accuracy and thoroughness. Fully stated the surprise ending to be explained and identified the point when realization occurred that the ending would be different. Completed with 90-100% accuracy and thoroughness.
2. Evaluate the author’s success at providing a believable “surprise ending.” Did not complete the assignment or did not evaluate the author’s success at providing a believable “surprise ending”; omitted information and/or included irrelevant information. Completed with less than 60% accuracy and thoroughness. Partially evaluated the author’s success at providing a believable “surprise ending”; omitted some key information. Completed with 60-79% accuracy and thoroughness. Sufficiently evaluated the author’s success at providing a believable “surprise ending.” Completed with 80-89% accuracy and thoroughness. Fully evaluated the author’s success at providing a believable “surprise ending.” Completed with 90-100% accuracy and thoroughness
3. Clarity Did not complete the assignment or explanations are unclear and not organized. Completed with less than 60% accuracy and thoroughness. Explanations generally unclear and not well organized. Completed with 60-79% accuracy and thoroughness. Explanations generally clear and organized. Completed with 80-89% accuracy and thoroughness. Explanations very clear and well organized. Completed with 90-100% accuracy and thoroughness
4. Writing – Grammar, sentence structure, paragraph structure, spelling, punctuation, and APA Style usage, if required. Did not complete the assignment or had 8 or more different errors in grammar, sentence structure, paragraph structure, spelling, punctuation, and APA Style usage, if required. (Major issues) Had 6-7 different errors in grammar, sentence structure, paragraph structure, spelling, punctuation, and APA Style usage, if required. (Many issues) Had 4-5 different errors in grammar, sentence structure, paragraph structure, spelling, punctuation, and APA Style usage, if required. (Minor issues) Had 0-3 different errors in grammar, sentence structure, paragraph structure, spelling, punctuation, and APA Style usage, if required.

 

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