the moral and ethical considerations of organ conscription policies and theories.
February 15, 2020
Identify the professional code of ethics for your professional specialty or a specialty that you are interested in
February 15, 2020

Identify the professional code of ethics for your professional specialty or a specialty that you are interested in

Moral Theories, Principles of Health Care Ethics, and Professional Ethics Codes

Ethics is a branch of philosophy devoted to the study of morality.
Ethics has a long history of theories about determining right from wrong
and identifying the principles of living a good life. For this
assessment, you will be asked to apply foundational principles in
ethics, such as autonomy and justice, in a relevant health care setting.

Each profession within health care has its own code of ethical
behavior designed to help individuals within that profession to make
sound ethical choices in carrying out the tasks and practices particular
to their professional role. It may be useful to locate one or more
relevant codes of ethics for your current or desired career path. This
research will be beneficial to your professional development, and you
will have a chance to apply it to the Tonya’s Case: Ethics and
Professional Codes assessment in this course.

Autonomy, Truth-Telling, and Confidentiality

These are broad-ranging topics, which, if taken alone, seem almost
comically simple. Of course, rational people of legal age should be able
to make decisions concerning themselves and their minor children. Of
course, medical professionals should be honest with patients, and, of
course, patients should be honest with members of their health care
teams. Of course, one’s medical issues should be kept private. But
rarely are things as simple as they seem. Take some time to scratch
beneath the surface, and we encounter myriad ethical dilemmas.

Honesty tends to be a revered trait in many cultures. However, many
people admit to lying occasionally, especially if the intent is to spare
someone pain, embarrassment, or anguish. Is lying to someone because of
love, concern, or reputation ever ethical?

Privacy and confidentiality are also important concepts. But are
there limits? Can the greater good ever outweigh the rights of
individuals?

And at what point can others, whether an individual or an entity such
as a government body, ethically determine someone’s actions, fate, or
choices? Fluoridated water, smoking regulations, compulsory K–12
education, and speed limits are only a few examples of how we, as a
society, agree to limited personal freedoms because these things are
good for us.

Demonstration of Proficiency

By successfully completing this assessment, you will demonstrate your
proficiency in the course competencies through the following assessment
scoring guide criteria:

  • Competency 1: Articulate ethical issues in health care. 
    • Articulate the time-tested theories of ethics.
    • Describe the strengths and weaknesses of the time-tested theories of ethics.
  • Competency 4: Explain the conceptual framework that health care leaders use to make ethical decisions. 
    • Identify the decision criteria of the time-tested theories of ethics.

Preparation

As you begin work on your Ethical Theories Matrix assessment, it may
be helpful to review the suggested resources focused on moral and
ethical considerations. For your own reference, you may want to briefly
jot down your thoughts related to:

  • An inventory of the basic principles of health care ethics. These
    principles are nonmaleficence, beneficence, utility, distributive
    justice, and autonomy.  

    • An explanation of each principle as well as your own example to illustrate the application of each.

Instructions

Drawing from the material covered in the resources as well as your own research, complete this assessment using the Ethical Theory Matrix Template [DOC].

  • For each theory, first describe the decision criteria. The
    decision criteria are the instructions the theory gives for how to reach
    the morally correct choice in a situation that requires action.
  • Then, provide your own example of how someone might act using the decision criteria of the theory.
  • Finally, briefly describe the strengths and weaknesses of each
    theory using the last two columns of the Ethical Theory Matrix Template.

The suggested resources for this assessment could help you get a
start on completing the matrix, but do not hesitate to use any outside
resources that you can find online, the Capella library, or elsewhere.

This matrix is a tool you will use throughout the rest of the course.
Submit your completed matrix as an attachment to this assessment.

Refer to the Matrix of Ethical Theories Scoring Guide for more information on how this assessment will be graded.

 

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