Physical Assessment week 6 Heart;Blood Vessels
February 15, 2020
Are patients that are in the hospital who receive patient education lead to an increase in HCAPHS scores?
February 15, 2020

Physical Assessment week 6 Heart;Blood Vessels

 Please include the question on the paper

Chapters: 14 and 15

Heart;Blood Vessels

 Anterior cross section showing the valves and chambers of the heart

 What blood-tight partition divides the left heart from the right heart?

Which portion of the ECG represents a small deflection sometimes seen
just after the T wave, representing the final phase of ventricular

Does heart size increase or decrease with age? why?

Make a chart describing the characteristics of the following types of chest pain:

  1. Angina
  2. Esophageal
  3. Pain from a peptic ulcer
  4. Biliary
  5. Arthritis or bursitis
  6. Cervical
  7. Musculoskeletal (chest)
  8. Psychoneurotic

A patient is complaining of prolonged fever, signs of neurologic
dysfunctions, and the sudden onset of congestive heart failure. What
should be expected?

Name the five traditionally designated auscultatory areas

Is the absence of S3 and S4 an unusual finding?

Splitting of S2 is greatest during which part of respiration? 

Describe a pericardial friction rub.

Not all murmurs are the result of valvular defects. Name four other causes of murmurs

Which four cardiac defects make up the tetralogy of Fallot?

TY is a 67-year-old female patient who presents for follow-up for her
hypertension and hyperlipidemia. Her PMH includes a diagnosis of aortic
stenosis diagnosed 2 years ago, IBS, and a seizure disorder. Her family
history includes her father, who died at age 55 years of a myocardial
infarction and her mother, who is deceased, who had hypertension,
diabetes, and coronary artery disease. Her social history is positive
for smoking 1 PPD for 30 years; she quit 9 years ago. She is negative
for alcohol and drug use. She lives in a two-bedroom condominium on one

a)On examination, describe the murmur that you would hear for aortic stenosis.

b)Describe the cause of aortic stenosis. What is the cause for TY?

If TY’s past medical history did not include a diagnosis of aortic
stenosis as well as cardiac risk factors, what other causes are there
for a heart murmur?

c)If TY’s past medical history did not include a diagnosis of aortic
stenosis as well as cardiac risk factors, describe a subaortic stenosis.

of arterial
pulses: Carotid, Brachial,  Radial, Femoral, Popliteal, Dorsalis
pedis,  Posterior tibial.Define arterial blood pressure

Define arterial blood pressure

Which variables contribute to the characteristics of the pulses?

A pregnant patient (32 weeks’ gestation) is having difficulty with
dependent edema and painful varicosities. What can you suggest to help
this patient’s problem?

What should you do if you have trouble finding the patient’s pulse? 

Describe the scale of 0 to 4 with regard to the amplitude of the pulse

If a patient experiences pain in the calf muscles, which artery is probably obstructed? 

What two values are recorded for the blood pressure? 

What is the mechanism behind cardiac tamponade? 

Where are the most common places for venous ulcers to appear?

TB is a 56-year-old female patient with Raynaud phenomenon. Her past
medical history includes spinal stenosis, systemic lupus erythematosus,
bipolar disorder, and overactive bladder.

A-Differentiate the primary and secondary types of Raynaud phenomenon.

B-In the patient’s initial presentation what would be the chief
complaint if the patient had primary Raynaud phenomenon? Secondary
Raynaud phenomenon?

C-Based on TB’s presentation, what assessment results would you expect to find? 

What if is she had primary Raynaud phenomenon?


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